OpEd, Politics

Does South Sudan Prioritize Infrastructural Development? A Critical Analysis

By Gama Hassan Oscas

Infrastructure development is a cornerstone of any nation’s progress, fostering economic growth, social development, and improved quality of life for its citizens. In the case of South Sudan, a country struggling with multiple challenges, including a fragile economy and limited infrastructure, the development of a robust road network is crucial for its prosperity. However, a critical examination of the government’s approach to infrastructural development raises serious concerns about its priorities and commitment to addressing the nation’s pressing needs.

This opinion piece delves into the state of infrastructural development in South Sudan, with a focus on the allocation of 10,000 barrels of crude oil for road projects. Despite this allocation, there has been a lack of significant progress in crucial infrastructural projects, raising questions about the government’s priorities and its capacity to efficiently utilize resources. The neglect of critical roads like the Juba-Nimule Road, the suspension of vital projects, and the sluggish progress on certain road links underscore the need for a comprehensive reevaluation of infrastructural development priorities in South Sudan.

The Allocation of 10,000 Barrels of Crude Oil for Infrastructural Development
In 2017, the South Sudanese government announced the allocation of approximately 10,000 barrels of crude oil revenue for infrastructural development, specifically targeting road projects. This allocation was seen as a positive step towards addressing the pressing need for improved road networks in the country.

However, in the years following this announcement, there has been a lack of visible progress on critical infrastructural projects. The question that arises is, where is the 10,000 barrels of crude oil allocated for road infrastructure going if there have been no serious road construction projects undertaken since then? This raises concerns about the transparency and accountability of the government’s financial management in utilizing allocated funds for their intended purposes.

The Neglected Juba-Nimule Road: A Vital Lifeline

One of the most glaring examples of the government’s misplaced priorities is the neglect of the Juba-Nimule road. This road serves as a lifeline for South Sudan, linking the capital city of Juba with Uganda, and acts as the main supply route for essential goods and services. Given South Sudan’s heavy reliance on imports, the smooth functioning of the Juba-Nimule road is paramount to the nation’s economic well-being.

However, the current state of the Juba-Nimule road is in disrepair, with the road badly damaged and posing significant challenges for trade, commerce, and transportation within the region. Despite its critical importance to the nation’s economy, the government’s lack of attention to this road raises serious questions about its commitment to prioritizing infrastructural development that would benefit the country as a whole.

Suspension of Crucial Projects: Juba-Torit-Kapoeta-Nadapal Road
Another concerning aspect of South Sudan’s infrastructural development is the suspension of the Juba-Torit-Kapoeta-Nadapal road project due to a lack of funding. This road project, with its potential to enhance connectivity and trade, was expected to contribute significantly to regional integration and development.

The suspension of such a vital project due to funding constraints reflects a lack of comprehensive planning and a failure to allocate resources effectively. It raises doubts about the government’s commitment to prioritizing long-term infrastructural development that could bring lasting benefits to the nation and its people.

Slow Progress on Other Road Projects
While some road projects linking different states have seen progress, the overall pace of infrastructural development in South Sudan remains slow and lacking in urgency. The sluggish progress on various road links suggests a lack of political will and a lack of focus on infrastructural growth, despite its critical importance for the nation’s development.

The government’s apparent lack of commitment to addressing infrastructural challenges raises questions about its ability to meet the needs of its citizens and stimulate economic growth. It also calls into question the effectiveness of the government’s planning and implementation of infrastructural development projects.

Neglected Roads Within the Capital City of Juba
Even within the capital city of Juba, there are clear examples of neglected roads that severely impact the lives of residents. The Gudele road, serving a substantial population, is burdened with heavy traffic jams during peak hours, yet there have been no significant efforts to address this issue.

The lack of proper road planning and infrastructure management within the capital city highlights a broader lack of commitment to ensuring the well-being and convenience of citizens. The government’s failure to address such pressing issues raises concerns about its responsiveness to the needs of its people and its ability to prioritize infrastructural development effectively.


The state of infrastructural development in South Sudan raises serious questions about the government’s priorities and its commitment to meeting the pressing needs of its citizens. The neglect of critical roads like the Juba-Nimule road, the suspension of crucial projects, and the sluggish progress on other road links point to a lack of focus on infrastructural development that would benefit the nation as a whole.

The allocation of 10,000 barrels of crude oil for road projects was a promising step, but the lack of visible progress since 2017 demands greater transparency and accountability in the government’s financial management. The government must take comprehensive steps to reevaluate its priorities and ensure that allocated funds are utilized efficiently and effectively for infrastructural development.

To foster economic growth and improve the lives of its citizens, the South Sudanese government must prioritize infrastructural development and invest in critical road networks.

This requires long-term planning, transparency in financial management, and a genuine commitment to meeting the needs of the nation. Only through such concerted efforts can South Sudan’s infrastructural development become a catalyst for progress and prosperity, benefitting the entire nation and enhancing its position on the global stage.”

The author of this article is an advocate and can be reached on email: oscarsgama@gmail.com

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